Vacuum cleaner which often term as sweeper as well hoover works on the mechanism of air pump (using centrifugal force) absorbs dusts from floors, rugs or draperies. Vacuum cleaner, which is commonly known as Cordless Lithium Hand Vac or a wire motor upright once, has a long date of history even before the early 1900s. Many renowned inventors like Ives McGaffey, John Thurman and Hubert Cecil Booth tried to come up with sweeping machine that could remove the dust and debris from the carpet which was where is considered as a primary source of asthma and lung problems. However, each cleaning machine was quite difficult to use and they are quite heavy and bulky when it came to mobility. At that time it was not very popular, not until James Spangler had sold his invention to his relative, William Hoover, who had made the electric mobile carpet sweeper widely commercial in US and across the continent. Since then, Mr. Spangler’s invention had become a role model for modern cleaning system that are still influenced and focuses on the art of the perfect way of getting a carpet completely clean.
There are wide range of option available in Vacuum Cleaner like Bagless Upright Vac mobile cylinder based vacuum cleaner and the very latest models are come the Handheld Battery Vacuum Sweeper which is an advancement in lithium battery where every part cleaning is easily accessible.
The first manual vacuum cleaner was invented in 1860 that underwent significant transformation over the years to attain a modernized version like bag less upright vac, mobile cylinder vac to the hand-held battery vacuum sweeper.
So here we present an interesting timeline of the history of vacuum cleaner and how it revolutionized the concept of cleaning efficiently in less time.
Check the video of a British educational TV series about vacuum cleaners.
The Secret Life Of Machines’ written and by Tim Hunkin and Rex Garrod. Uploaded by Juan Perez.
Birth of Manual Vacuum Cleaner (1860-76)
The first manual vacuum cleaner was developed by Daniel Hess in 1860 that was used to absorb dust with the help of rotating brush and bellows was used to create suction force. It underwent change that led to the birth of Whirlwind by Ives W. McGuffey in 1868, which was quite heavy. It worked on the basis of belt driven fan operated by hand. This received a mix response in the market. This is considered as the first hand-pumped vacuum cleaner in the United States.
Power Vacuum Cleaner (1898-1901)
By the end of 19th century, Power Vacuum cleaner gained immense popularity that worked primarily on the basis of air blowing vacuum rather than using just suction. John S. Thurman was considered as a pioneer in this field, who introduced first powered vacuum cleaner in 1898 in St Louis, Missouri, Thurman claimed patent or this path breaking innovation and received his patent on October 3 1899. This vacuum system was carried on a horse cart and the people of St. Louis home service at the nominal cost.
Later, a British engineer named Hubert Cecil Booth submitted his patent for the production of a motor based vacuum cleaner. His system was carried on horse- driven cart and a long hoe was inserted through windows of the building for an efficient cleaning. Probably Booth was the first person who came with the term “vacuum cleaner”
David T. Kenney, an American came up with steam engine based system that did the cleaning through hoses reaching easily inside the building.
Portable Electric Vacuum Cleaner in 1907
James Spengler, who used to work as janitor had the problem of coughing. He went to invent a portable electric vacuum cleaner, which can be easily used by anyone, especially helpful for the people suffering from lung diseased. He got patent in 1908 and then later sold his concept to cousin’s husband, William Hoover.
William hoover, the founder of Hoover company bought the patent from James Spengler. Hoover with further investment developed a modernized version and came up with the first electric mobile sweeper. It garnered immense popularity in US and across the globe. Later in other countries like in Denmark, Fischer and Nielsen sold their vacuum cleaners
[Via: thepinsta ]
Introduction of Filter Bags (1920)
Air way Sanitizer company in Ohion developed filter bag technology in 1920. it worked on the basis of disposable paper dust bag attached with vacuum cleaner. Later, the Sweden based company, Electrolux came up with various innovative technology.
Development Post Second World War
After years of innovation and launch of various models, vacuum cleaners gained popularity among upper class household. It came under the ambit of ‘fancy items’. Vac became common in Western countries primarily due to the structure of the floorings. Most of the developing countries still have hardwood based floors that can be easily by manual sweeping and mopping.
With the end of 20th century, there was development of advanced technologies that came up with latest specifications like filterless cyclonic dirt separation, central vacuum systems and rechargeable hand-held vacuum cleaners.
[Discontinued Electrolux Trilobite]
In addition, with further modernization and powerful batteries led to the birth of robotic vacuum cleaner. The Swedish company, Electrolux in 1997 developed demonstrated Electrolux Trilobite, the first cordless robotic vacuum cleaner that was featured on the BBC-TV program Tomorrow’ World. This was later introduced in global market in 2001.
[New Version of Robot Vacuum by Shark ION ROBOT]
Since it was invented, the vacuum cleaner have come a very long way and also have development into many types and shapes as mention below.
Upright Vacuum Cleaners
[New Version of Upright Vacuum Cleaner]
Upright vacuum cleaners comes with a cleaning head with handle and bag an attachment. Upright vac generally works on rotating brushroll mechanism. It has two versions- dirty-air/direct fan and clean-air/fan-bypass.
Canister Vacuum Cleaners
[Queen Canister vacuum cleaner]
Canisters has separated dust collector with movable wheels which is attached to the main unit through a hose. One of the biggest benefit of using this type of system is the option to attach separate heads as per the cleaning requirements.
[Craftsman 16 Gallon Wet/Dry Shop Vacuum with Hose which appear at West Auctions]
Drum is an advanced version of cylinder based vac which has vertical position canister with wheels that runs on electricity.
Wet and Dry Vacuum Cleaners
[Wet-Dry Vacuum by Stanley]
Wet or dry vacuum cleaners comes in specific form of the cylinder/drum models used cleaning spills. They can be used both outdoor and indoor as per the requirement of the user. This type of cleaner system works amazingly for corners which absorbs dust or dirt. They are generally designed to be used both indoors and outdoors by reversing the airflow for quick collection.
Backpack Vacuum Cleaner
Backpack Vacuum Cleaner are portable cleaners that the user carry on his back for cleaning large surface area. This type of vacuum cleaner usually consist of a small canister with a strap attached with the user’s back.
Hand-Held Vacuum Cleaner
[Via: Amazon Store]
Hand-Held Vacuum Cleaners are also a type of portable cleaner which works on rechargeable batteries. This are usually used to clean smaller areas.
Robotic Vacuum Cleaner
[New Version of Robot Vacuum by Shark ION ROBOT]
Robotic Cleaners comes with advanced technology that completely works on its own, by moving around furniture, collecting dirt or dust from corners and crevices and then comes back to its central position. Few robotic vacuum cleaners, also deposit dust in a particular bin and recharge themselves to keep going.
Neato Robotics in December 2009 came up with the first robotic vacuum cleaner which works primarily on the basis of rotating laser range finder to evaluate the available area which is converted into a guiding map. Then the robot uses this map to systematically clean the area with accuracy.
These are commonly used in larger spaces like office, hospitals, hotels, etc.
Cyclonic Vacuum Cleaner
Cyclonic vacuum cleaner works on the principle of cyclonic separation that don’t use filtrations bag to collect dust or dirt after absorption. It uses a seperate collection bin to segregate the dust particles. This concept of cyclonic separation is the brainchild of James Dyson who introduced cyclonic separation based vacuum cleaners at an exorbitant price in 1979. He later developed another cheaper alternative.